Understanding Today’s Diesel Fuel Options: What You Need to Know

10 Jul 2023
Joseph Russo

For businesses and individuals alike, the choice of fuel can have a significant impact. It influences not only the performance and longevity of vehicles but also operating costs and environmental footprint. This knowledge also proves valuable when dealing with diesel fuel suppliers, as it aids in selecting the most suitable fuel type for specific needs.

With the variety of diesel fuel options available today, it has become necessary to understand what each type offers. This article aims to elucidate these options, their characteristics, and their potential benefits.

1. Regular Diesel Fuel

Regular diesel fuel, also known as petrodiesel, is the most commonly used type of diesel fuel. It is produced from crude oil through a refining process called distillation. Petrodiesel is lauded for its high energy content, which translates into robust engine performance and good fuel efficiency.

However, petrodiesel has its drawbacks. It is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, releasing carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates upon combustion. Furthermore, the supply of petrodiesel is tied to global oil reserves, which are finite and subject to geopolitical instability.

2. Biodiesel

Biodiesel, on the other hand, is a renewable alternative to petrodiesel. Produced from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant grease, biodiesel represents a more environmentally-friendly option. It is biodegradable and emits less harmful pollutants when burned, contributing less to global warming.

Despite its environmental advantages, biodiesel does have its limitations. It often requires specific engine modifications for optimal use and its energy content is slightly lower than petrodiesel. Additionally, its availability can be inconsistent, depending on the regional capacity for its production and the operations of diesel fuel suppliers.

3. Synthetic Diesel

Synthetic diesel, also known as gas-to-liquids (GTL) diesel, is derived from natural gas through a chemical process. This type of fuel offers excellent performance characteristics, including cleaner combustion and reduced engine noise, without the need for any engine modifications.

However, the production of synthetic diesel is more complex and costly than petrodiesel or biodiesel. This higher production cost often translates into a higher price at the pump. Moreover, although synthetic diesel produces fewer emissions than petrodiesel, its overall environmental impact is still a topic of ongoing research.

4. Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO)

Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) is a type of renewable diesel fuel. It is produced by treating vegetable oils or animal fats with hydrogen, resulting in a cleaner-burning fuel that can be used in standard diesel engines without modification.

The major benefit of HVO is its superior environmental performance. It emits significantly fewer pollutants and has a lower carbon footprint compared to conventional diesel fuels. However, similar to biodiesel, the availability of HVO largely depends on regional production capabilities and the strategies of diesel fuel suppliers.

5. Diesel Fuel Additives

Beyond the types of diesel fuel, it’s important to note the role of diesel fuel additives. These substances are mixed with diesel to enhance its properties, such as improving fuel stability, preventing gelling in cold temperatures, or reducing harmful emissions.

Despite their benefits, the use of additives should be considered carefully. Some may not be compatible with certain types of diesel fuel or may even cause damage to the engine over time. As such, understanding the specifications of the chosen fuel type and the potential effects of different additives is crucial.


The diesel fuel market of today presents a wide range of options for drivers and businesses. Traditional petrodiesel remains a reliable choice, offering high energy content and widespread availability. Alternatively, biodiesel and HVO serve as greener alternatives, though they may require certain engine modifications or might have limited availability. Synthetic diesel strikes a balance between performance and cleanliness, but it comes at a higher cost. Lastly, diesel fuel additives provide a means to enhance the properties of diesel fuel, although they must be used with caution.

Understanding these diesel fuel options is not just about fuel efficiency or cost savings. It also involves a responsibility to the environment and a commitment to sustainable practices. Therefore, making informed decisions about the type of diesel fuel to use and engaging with diesel fuel suppliers, like City Oil Co. Inc., who prioritize sustainability can significantly contribute to these objectives. 

As such, the choice of diesel fuel extends beyond a simple transaction at the pump—it’s a critical decision that impacts the broader societal and environmental contexts.